The medical treatment model for drug and alcohol abuse has some pros and cons both, and this model is followed by some substance abuse professionals but not others. There is concern that this model does not stress any personal responsibility though, and that individuals may view their substance abuse as a disease that they have no control over. There is some evidence that addiction causes physical changes in the body, and there are some medical treatments which may help the user overcome the physical cravings. The invisible wounds in the psyche and the spirit also need to be addressed for a permanent recovery that is complete, and this requires individual counseling and intensive therapy. The most effective approach for substance abuse and addiction is to combine medical and spiritual methods to treat the whole person.
The biggest drawback to the medical treatment model for drug and alcohol abuse is the lack of accountability and responsibility. Substance abuse is a medical problem, but the treatment requires more than just medications and physical therapies. When substance abuse occurs along with mental illness then the treatment difficulties can become even more complex. The most effective solution for substance abuse is to address all of the contributing factors, including physical, mental, and spiritual issues that lead to substance abuse. Statistics show that Christian rehabs may offer a better chance at a permanent recovery, but only if the program chosen offers individual counseling several times a week. Without this method a full recovery can not be reached even if the medical treatment model for drug and alcohol abuse is followed perfectly.